GRU chief is subordinated only to the chief of General Staff and to the Minister of defense and he has not a direct contact with politic leadership of the country. Unlike SVR director who meets with the president weekly on Monday, a chief of military intelligence doesnt have «his own hour» - strictly fixed time in the order of the day for a report to the president of the country. Existent system of «marking» - i.e. receive of intelligence information and analysis by the high leadership - deprives the politicians to direct approach towards GRU.
GRU chief, deputy head of General Staff - Korabelnikov Valentin Vladimirovich
It has five departments each one accounts for its set of European countries. Each department has sections by the countries.
It includes 7 directions acting in the Western hemisphere:
Army units of intelligence are subordinated to this department. Naval intelligence is subordinated to the Second department of Naval Staff which in its turn is subordinated to the Fifth GRU department. The Department - is a coordination center for thousands of intelligence structures in the army (from intelligence departments of the districts to special divisions of the units). Technical services: communication centers and code service, computer center, special archive, service of business logistics and financial supply, department of planning and control and besides personnel department.
It includes Center of space intelligence - at Volokolamskoye schosse, so-called «object K-500».
Department leads the actions of OSNAZ - detachments of Special Purpose subordinated to the First and Second divisions of the Sixth GRU department. Their functions is radio- and radio-technical intelligence.
Analysis and processing of the got by such a way information are allotted upon so-called «system Patrol (Dozor)» which is situated at the central building of GRU, Khoroshevskoye schosse («object K 200»).
1st faculty. Prepares «coats», i.e. those who shall work under the embassy «cover» in residencies.
2nd faculty. Prepares officers of military attaches.
3rd faculty. Prepares officers of operative-tactic intelligence which distributed to the headquarters of military districts. About 200 persons annually graduated from «the conservatory».
Detachment of special purpose (Spetsnaz)
24 subversion and storm units of total strength up to 25 thousands persons present the armys elite notably exceeding by level of training and armament the Military Landing forces and «the courtier units». Brigades of Spetsnaz - is a forge of the intelligence: a probation candidate to «the conservatory» should have a rank no lower than a captain and had to serve at the Spetsnaz for 5-7 years. Traditionally a numerical proportion between residents of GRU and KGB (now SVR) was and is as approximately 6:1 in favor of «pure intelligence».
Modern structure of Intelligence headquarters by General Staff of Armed forces forms a state secrecy. Presented here structure was compounded on the basis of Viktor Suvorov book and publications in press.